2018 has been a year with an unending parade of summits, crises, protests and conflicts. There has been a number of world events this year that dominated the news. Let’s peek into the top world events of the year. Hopefully, they will follow up in 2019 as well.
1.Humanitarian Crises Deepen.
Over the last four years, about 2.3 million Venezuelans have fled the country to escape economic hardship. The mismanagement of Hugo Chávez and later Nicolás Maduro lead to the collapse of Venezuela. Both man attacked and dismantled the democratic institutions . When Maduro came into power for the second time, Venezuela witnessed sky-rocketing inflation, water and electrical shortages, and growing rates of malnutrition
2.Ethiopia Signs a Peace Deal with Eritrea.
Amidst all unrest in the world, here is some good news -a peace accord between Ethiopia and Eritrea. In June 2018, new Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed accepted a peace deal with Eritrea. This brought to fruition an eighteen year old proposed peace deal
The two countries fought a twelve-year-long war that ended in 2000 with nearly eighty thousand dead. In July, Ahmad travelled to Asmara to meet Isaias Afwerki, President of Eritrea and sign the peace deal. Moreover, the two countries also reopened their embassies, they resumed commercial air traffic, demilitarized the borders.
Further, the United Nations Security Council have also lifted an arms embargo on Eritrea. We hope that the peace on the Horn of Africa could boost the region’s economic development as well.
3.Trump’s Summit Gaffes Alarms Friends and Delights Foes.
Donald Trump on the G-7 summit in Quebec berated other leaders for their trade policies and left the meeting before it concluded. Further, he met North Korean leader Kim Jong-un in Singapore and he signed a vague document. Then Trump made a pompous accouncement that “there is no longer a nuclear threat from North Korea,” despite abundant evidence to the contrary.
In July, NATO summit Trump accused Angela Merkel, the German Chancellor of being “totally controlled” and “captive to Russia”.
In November, Trump in a tweet mocked and criticized French President Emmanuel Macron .
He even cancelled his visit for ceremonies of the Centennial of the end of World War I in Paris due to rain.In addition, he refused to attend a peace forum hosted by the French Government.
4.#MeToo Movement Goes Global.
Owing to a sexual abuse allegation against Hollywood Producer Harvey Weinstein the #MeToo movement in the United States took off last year. In 2018, the movement gained momentum in global podium as well.
Millions of women worldwide came forward to share their stories.
In the different nation, it got different names which include #QuellaVoltaChe (“that time when”) in Italy; #YoTambien, in Spain;
#BalanceTonPorc (“squeal on your pig”)in France, #AnaKaman in Arab speaking countries. India, the #MeToo movement followed under the same hashtag.
5.The Murder of Jamal Khashoggi.
Jamal Khashoggi was a Saudi dissident. He was a journalist for The Washington Post. He was also the former general manager and editor-in-chief of Al-Arab News Channel. On 2nd October 2018, he entered the Saudi consulate in Istanbul but unfortunately, he didn’t come out alive. The journalist killed on the orders of a so called ‘rogue intelligence officer’at the Saudi Arabia consulate in Turkey.
The deceased body remained untraced and unexamined, hence the exact cause of his death is unknown. The Government officials of several countries worldwide, including Saudi Arabia, the United Kingdom, France, Turkey and Germany, believe Khashoggi has been murdered.
Turkey believes it is a clear case of premeditated murder. Saudi officials also have admitted that agents affiliated with the Saudi government killed him.
Time magazine referred Jamal Khashoggi as a “Guardian of the Truth” . The Time Magazine’s also named Jamal Kashgoggi person of the year 2018 ,for his work in journalism along with other journalists who faced political persecution for their work.
6.The United States Leaves the Iran Nuclear Deal.
Donald Trump officially withdrew the United States from the Iran Nuclear deal which is formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).
However, the British, German and French leaders flew to Washington to lobby for the United States to stay in the deal.
7.Climate Change is alarming the world.
The scientists for more than three decades have been warning us about climate change. But we seem to ignore this fact and continue to do the activities that harms our environment.
The escalating emission of the heat-trapping gases drastically leads to climate change. According to a report of on October 2018, the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) says “we may have as few as twelve years to act or pass the point of no return”.
Several natural disasters like the powerful hurricanes, devastating wildfires, floods, and record-breaking heat in 2018 are a result of climate change.
But Donald Trump really doesn’t believe in any of the facts and figures rather he issued a rebuttal to the National Climate Assessment Report.It was simple: “I don’t believe it.” The odds that scientists have a better handle on the future we face are too good to ignore.
8.Trump Triggers a Trade War
After coming into power, Donald Trump has imposed tariffs on imported washing machines and solar panels. Further, he slapped tariffs on imported steel and aluminium from friends and foes alike because according to him they posed a national economic security threat.
Subsequently, Trump administration also imposed tariffs on $50 billion worth of Chinese imports and raised to $250 billion by July. Trump’s tweet “Trade wars are good and easy to win,” is likely to hurt Americans more than helped them.
Further, the stock market slumped, the overall U.S. trade deficit widened. Also, America’s trading partners imposed retaliatory tariffs on U.S. exports resulting in American farmers to lose overseas markets. Moreover, some U.S. manufacturers cut jobs as higher input costs punished their bottom lines.