Today, that is December 1, 2018, the world commemorates the day as World AIDS Day. World Health Organisation (WHO) joins global partners and citizens to remember the day under the theme ‘Know Your Status’. This global health campaign was first initiated in 1988 by WHO. Today is also an occasion to celebrate the 30th anniversary of World AIDS Day.
World Aids Day
World Health Organisation communicates World AIDS Day on 1st December every year. Their primary aim is to urge people to know their HIV infection status through testing. They also want people to access HIV prevention so that in future, people do not suffer from this life-threatening and antagonistic disease.
History of World AIDS Day:
In the early days in the 1980s, when HIV was not identified as the cause of AIDS, people used to think that the disease only affects specific groups like gay/lesbian people or who are a drug addict.
Dr Francoise Barre-Sinoussi and Dr Luc Montagnier first identified the causes of AIDS that is HIV in 1983 at the Pasteur Institute, France.
In November of the similar year, WHO held the first conference to appraise the global AIDS situation and started international surveillance.
In 1985, Atlanta held the first International AIDS Conference. People were becoming aware of this chronic disease, and that it was emerging as a global public health threat.
Two WHO officers put forward the idea of holding an annual World AIDS Day
In 1988, two WHO communications officers, Thomas Netter and James Bunn, put forward the idea of holding an annual World AIDS Day. They aim to increase the awareness of HIV, by preparing communities and advocating for action worldwide.
And in the year 1991 WHO branded the HIV movement with the iconic red ribbon. This was the very first disease-awareness ribbon. It is a notion that would later be adopted by many other health causes.
ARV as a medications for HIV
Further, only knowing the cause of this deadly disease is not enough. The researches for clinical treatment of HIV began in 1985. And in 1987 the first antiretrovirals (ARV) which can treat HIV was approved for use. From 2001, ARV became available to profoundly affected countries particularly in sub-Saharan African where HIV had become the principal cause of death.