November 9 is a landmark day in both the history of India and the Supreme Court of India. The supreme court of India will deliver its verdict at 10.30 am today in the Ayodhya(Ram Janmabhoomi) title suit case. 

The verdict today is for an appeal against the verdict delivered by the Allahabad High Court in 2010. Allahabad High Court, in 2010, divided 2.7-acre land at Ayodhya between three parties equally. The three parties were Bhagwan Ramlalla Virajman, Nirmohi Akhara and Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board.

In a marathon, 40-day hearing all parties presented their case to the Supreme court bench. The bench was headed by Chief Justice of India (CJI) Ranjan Gogoi and consisted of Justices SA Bobde (CJI elect), DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer.

also, read |A BJP MP: Ram Janmabhumi needs sacrifice from the Hindu community

The Ram Janmabhoomi case is highly sensitive and hence security has been tightened across Uttar Pradesh and in Ayodhya. Security has also been beefed up in the Delhi-National Capital Region (NCR) and Mumbai, Maharashtra. Prime Minister Narendra Modi urged calm in a series of tweets

Timeline of events in the Ayodhya (Ram Janmabhoomi) dispute

1525: Invasion of Mughal emperor Babur in India

1528: Babur’s general Mir Bagi arrived in Ayodhya and demolished Ran Tempel and constructed the Babri Masjid.

1853. First religious violence takes place over the si

1859: The British administration to maintain peace separated the two places of worship. They allowed Muslims to use the inner area while the outer area was given to Hindus. This practice continued for nine decades.

1949: Unknow person placed the idol of Lord Rama and Sita under the main dome of the mosque, which triggered communal violence and later Later, the government declared shut the gate as a precautionary measure.

1950: To perform puja there A suit seeking rights to perform puja there was filed in the Faizabad court. Another suit was filed to keep idols in the structure and seeking continuation of rituals.

1959: Seeking direction from the court, Nirmohi Akhara, a stakeholder in the dispute files another suit and gets charge of the disputed site.

1984: A committee under the leadership of Lal Krishna Advani of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was set up by the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) with the sole aim of constructing a temple in honour of the lord and setting free the supposed birthplace of Lord Rama.

1991: BJP wins the election in Uttar Pradesh even as the Congress ruled the Centre.

1986: A district court orders reopening of the site for Hindus. The Uttar Pradesh government, after this acquired land surrounding the site for devotees’ convenience.

1992:  Kar sevaks (activists) stormed the mosque compound and demolished the Babri mosque, On December 6. The event t triggered riots and heightened communal tension across the country.

1993: Centre seeks the top court’s opinion on whether a Hindu place of worship ever existed there before the mosque was built. Centre also took over 67 acres of the land around the site

The Ayodhya Act 1993 was passed which allowed a lone priest to worship in the makeshift temple

2003:  The Allahabad High Court tasks Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) to carry out an in-depth study on the site. The court also ASI to nake an excavation survey to ascertain what was under the site.

ASI report indicated the presence of human activity at the site dating back to the 13th century BC. It also found the presence of a 10th-century temple under the site.

Pointing towards the lack of evidence, Muslim groups immediately disputed ASI findings. However, the report was upheld by the High Court.

2010: Lucknow Bench of the Allahabad High Court ordered the division of the Babri Masjid site into three equal parts between Nirmohi Akhara, Ram Lalla (the deity) and the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board.

2011: Ordering all sides to maintain the status quo, the Supreme Court stayed orders of the High Court.

2014: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) General Election manifesto added construction of the temple as one of its promises. The BJP also came to power in the Centre.

2015: A nationwide campaign to collect stones for construction of the Ram temple by Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) was launched. Two trucks of stones arrived later in the year. The Uttar Pradesh chief minister Akhilesh Yadav however, blocked the stones from getting closer to site.

2017: Chief Justice JS Khehar offered help to settle the fight amicably. Supreme Court also urged stakeholders to find an out-of-court settlement.

The apex court ordered in a separate demolition case, to reopen criminal conspiracy charges against senior BJP leaders such as former Deputy Prime Minister LK Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi and Uma Bharti.

2017: The Shia Waqf Board filed an application in the top court. They offer a compromise formula in which the Ram Temple would be built in Ayodhya and a mosque in Lucknow. However, the Sunni Waqf Board stiffly opposed the move.

2017: All hearing of appeals moved to February 2018 by the Supreme Court

Feb 2018: Appearing for the Uttar Pradesh, Supreme Court, Sunni Central Waqf Board questioned the court about the hurry and requested that the hearing be put off till July 2019.

September 2018:  declining to refer the case to a five-judge bench, SC, decided the case was to be heard by a newly constituted three-judge bench on October 29.

January 4, 2019: Court defers hearing till January 10.

January 10, 2019: The SC rescheduled the hearing to January 29 as Justice UU Lalit, one of the five-judge Constitution Bench, recused himself from the hearing.

January 29, 2019: As Justice SA Bobde, one of the five-judge Constitution Bench for the case, is not available, The court postpones its hearing. The date of the next hearing remains to be declared

February 15, 2019: SC decides to hear a fresh plea against the 1993 central law on land acquisition near the disputed site at Ayodhya.

March 2019: SC appoints a mediation panel headed by Judge (Retd.) FMI Kallifulla for an out-of-court settlement.

August 2019: The top court begins hearing on August 6. after the mediation panel failed to reach an amicable settlement.

October 15, 2019: After hearing the case for 40 days on a day-to-day basis, the court reserved its order.

November 9 is a landmark day in both the history of India and the Supreme Court of India. The supreme court of India will deliver its verdict at 10.30 am today in the Ayodhya(Ram Janmabhoomi) title suit case. 

The verdict today is for an appeal against the judgment delivered by the Allahabad High Court in 2010. Allahabad High Court, in 2010, divided 2.7-acre land at Ayodhya between three parties equally. The three parties were Bhagwan Ramlalla Virajman, Nirmohi Akhara and Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board.

In a marathon, 40-day hearing all parties presented their case to the Supreme court bench. The bench was headed by Chief Justice of India (CJI) Ranjan Gogoi and consisted of Justices SA Bobde (CJI elect), DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer.

The case is highly sensitive, and hence security has been tightened across Uttar Pradesh and in Ayodhya. Security has also been beefed up in the Delhi-National Capital Region (NCR) and Mumbai, Maharashtra. Prime Minister Narendra Modi urged calm in a series of tweets

Timeline of events in the Ayodhya dispute

1525: Invasion of Mughal emperor Babur in India

1528: Babur’s general Mir Bagi arrived in Ayodhya and demolished Ran Tempel and constructed the Babri Masjid.

1853. First religious violence takes place over the si

1859: The British administration to maintain peace separated the two places of worship. They allowed Muslims to use the inner area while the outer area was given to Hindus. This practice continued for nine decades.

1949:  Unknow person placed the idol of Lord Rama and Sita under the central dome of the mosque, which triggered communal violence and later Later, the government declared shut the gate as a precautionary measure.

1950: To perform puja there A suit seeking rights to perform puja there was filed in the Faizabad court. Another suit was filed to keep idols in the structure and seeking continuation of rituals.

1959: Seeking direction from the court, Nirmohi Akhara, a stakeholder in the dispute files another suit and gets charge of the disputed site.

1984: A committee under the leadership of Lal Krishna Advani of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) was set up by the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) with the sole aim of constructing a temple in honour of the lord and setting free the supposed birthplace of Lord Rama.

1991: BJP wins the election in Uttar Pradesh even as the Congress-ruled the Centre.

1986: A district court orders reopening of the site for Hindus. The Uttar Pradesh government, after this acquired land surrounding the site for devotees’ convenience.

1992: Kar sevaks (activists) stormed the mosque compound and demolished the Babri mosque, On December 6. The event t triggered riots and heightened communal tension across the country.

1993: Centre seeks the top court’s opinion on whether a Hindu place of worship ever existed there before the mosque was built. Centre also took over 67 acres of the land around the site

The Ayodhya Act 1993 was passed which allowed a lone priest to worship in the makeshift temple

2003: The Allahabad High Court tasks Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) to carry out an in-depth study on the site. The court also ASI to nake an excavation survey to ascertain what was under the site.

ASI report indicated the presence of human activity at the site dating back to the 13th century BC. It also found the presence of a 10th-century temple under the site.

Pointing towards the lack of evidence, Muslim groups immediately disputed ASI findings. However, the report was upheld by the High Court.

2010: Lucknow Bench of the Allahabad High Court ordered the division of the Babri Masjid site into three equal parts between Nirmohi Akhara, Ram Lalla (the deity) and the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board.

2011: Ordering all sides to maintain the status quo, the Supreme Court stayed orders of the High Court.

2014: Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) General Election manifesto added construction of the temple as one of its promises. The BJP won the election in 2014 and ruled the centre.

2015: A nationwide campaign to collect stones for construction of the Ram temple by Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) was launched. Two trucks of stones arrived later in the year. The Uttar Pradesh chief minister Akhilesh Yadav however, blocked the stones from getting closer to site.

2017: Chief Justice JS Khehar offered help to settle the fight amicably. Supreme Court also urged stakeholders to find an out-of-court settlement.

The apex court ordered in a separate demolition case, to reopen criminal conspiracy charges against senior BJP leaders. Leaders such LK Advani who was the former Deputy Prime Minister, Murli Manohar Joshi who was formed Human resources Minister and Uma Bharti were indicted.

2017: In supreme court, The Shia Waqf Board files an application. They offer a compromise formula in which the Ram Temple would be built in Ayodhya and a mosque in Lucknow. However, the Sunni Waqf Board stiffly opposed the move.

2017: All hearing of appeals moved to February 2018 by the Supreme Court

Feb 2018: Appearing for the Uttar Pradesh, Supreme Court, Sunni Central Waqf Board requested that the hearing be put off till July 2019. They also questioned the court about the hurry. 

September 2018: declining to refer the case to a five-judge bench, SC, decided the case was on October 29, was to be heard by a newly constituted three-judge bench.

January 4, 2019: Court adjourns the hearing till January 10.

January 10, 2019: The SC rescheduled the hearing to January 29 as Justice UU Lalit, recused himself from the hearing. He was one of the five-judge Constitution Bench appointed by the court. 

January 29, 2019: As Justice SA Bobde, one of the five-judge Constitution Bench for the case, is not available, The court postpones its hearing. 

February 15, 2019: A fresh plea against the 1993 central law on land acquisition near the disputed site at Ayodhya was decided by the SC to be heard

March 2019:Headed by Judge (Retd.) FMI Kallifulla, SC appoints a mediation panel, for an out-of-court settlement. 

August 2019: The top court begins hearing on August 6. After the mediation panel failed to reach an amicable settlement.

October 15, 2019:  Hearing the case for 40 days on a day-to-day basis, the court reserved its order.