Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was the most celebrated Freedom Fighter of India. Bose was a charismatic influencer of the youth. He established and lead the Indian National Army (INA) during India’s struggle for independence. His immense courage and love for his motherland had drove him towards Freedom struggle.
On his 122nd birth anniversary, as the whole India pays homage to one of the greatest Indian Freedom Fighters, we would like to throw light into some of the interesting facts about him.
- On 23 January 1897, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born in Orissa to parents Prabhavati Dutt Bose (mother) and Janakinath Bose (father) who was an advocate. He was among ninth among the 14 siblings.
- Moreover, Bose fell in love with Emilie Schenkl, an Austrian origin woman and married her. Further, he has a daughter Anita Bose Pfaff who is now a well known German economist. During his time in Germany, Netaji was permitted to leave India only after the German surrendered in Stalingrad. In 1943, Netaji boarded a submarine, leaving behind his wife and only child in Germany.
Subhash Chandra Bose cleared Indian Civil Service exam:
- Subhash Chandra Bose scored 4th rank in the prestigious Indian Civil Service (ICS) exam in 1919, though later he resigned from it.
- As we all know about his upfront and fearlessness, there is a legend about his tenure as an ICS officer, “One day Bose was carrying an umbrella as it was a Bengali tradition, the Governor-general objected to this and Bose kept that umbrella to the general’s neck and told him to mind his behaviour”
Netaji the patriot leader and politician
- Bose considered Chittaranjan Das as his political guru who was the pioneer of the Swaraj Party in 1922. Later, Bose started the newspaper Swaraj to instill the sense of patriotism. Further he was the editor of the newspaper, “Forward”. He was also the elected President of All India Youth Congress, secretary of Bengal state, CEO of Calcutta Municipal Corporation and then elected as Mayor of Calcutta in 1924.
- Netaji was the elected President of All India National Congress two times. However, the party forced him to resign from Congress leadership positions in 1939 due to differences with Mahatma Gandhi and the Congress high command.
Netaji in exile
- The most interesting fact about Netaji is that he was imprisoned for more than 10 times from 1921-41. However, in 1941 he escaped from house arrest and reached Germany to meet Adolf Hitler. He enroute by a car where he first reached Gomo from Kolkata, then to Peshawar by a train, then to Kabul and finally reached Germany. He preferred to seek help from his enemy’s enemy i.e Adolf Hitler to drive out British from his motherland.
- In 1941, with the help of German funds, Bose started Free India Center and a Free India Radio where he used to broadcast at night.
- Again, in 1942, Bose traveled from Germany to Madagascar in two submarines which Hitler arranged for him. In fact, it is highly hazardous and one of his heroic acts.
Netaji’s role in Freedom struggle of India
- Netaji coined the most popular slogans of India “Jai Hind” which we utter spontaneously to express our love of our motherland.
- Netaji revived and leaded the Azad Hind Fauz that Rash Bihari Bose founded during World War II. It was an armed force which Netaji executed to fight against British. Hence, he is The Father of the Indian National Army. So, his followers called him “Netaji” and this is how he earned the honorific.
- In his fight against the British, Netaji first hoisted the National Flag for the first time in 1943 at the Gymkhana Ground (presently the Netaji stadium) in Port Blair. The first Indian Territory ever freed from the British rule.
Netaji’s death remained an unsolved mystery
- Netaji’s death has ever remained a mystery because the truth is still unknown. Although it has been announced to the world that he died in a plane crash in Taiwan. But, there has been no clear evidence in this regard. There were also claims that the Russians captivated him and has been in exile in the 1950s. But the Government of India has kept it a secret as it may impact the Indian and Russian relation.
- Netaji received the highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna. But, his family members rejected the idea because the government declared it as an Posthumous. Further, the family members wanted to probe into his plane crash and know the facts