No matter how much we debate that man and women are equal but when it comes to anatomy men and women aren’t equal. Resulting in this the health condition affects both the gender in varying degrees and ways. The biological differences determine diseases that are male-specific or female specific. The complicated genetics, physiological and hormonal factors of both the sex are linked to health complications.
Men: Men usually are more prone to health risks as they eat mostly unhealthy diets. As a matter of fact, the anatomy, genes and hormones also contribute towards the increased risk of diseases.
Heart disease: In respect to heart disease, men are more likely to have heart disease than women. About 39 per cent of men above 65 age fall ill due to heart diseases. On the contrary, only 27 per cent women in the same age group ever experience such a health issue.
You must be wondering why. Well, the reason lies in different body shapes of men and women. Generally, women’s bodies are pear-shaped, and men’s body apple shaped. Therefore, women gain weight around the hips and thighs. On the other hand, men put on weight around the middle which leads to heart disease risk.
Moreover, an essential fact that checks cholesterol level in women is the estrogen. Thus, men don’t have the protection of estrogen as women have.
However, when a women hit menopause, their heart disease risk rises.
The diseases that men are likely to have are as follows:
The neurological disease affects 50 per cent men than women. Moreover, estrogen protects neurological function which activates certain proteins or interacting with molecules called free radicals. Men’s relative lack of estrogen leaves them with less protection.
According to researchers the possibility that Parkinson’s disease has a genetic link to the male X chromosome.
Males are also more at risk for the following:
- Kidney stones
The health risks that women are related to anatomy and hormones. The different health issues one can have are as follows:
Stroke: Women are more prone to strokes as compared to men. Therefore, estrogens play a vital role helps in preventing it. However, the birth control pills, hormone replacement and pregnancy raise risk leads to shift in estrogen level which leads to high rates of stroke.
When you talk with doctors about women’s health risks, anatomy and hormones often come up. Here are a few examples:
Osteoporosis: Another problem that women often suffer is osteoporosis. Generally, women have thinner, smaller bones and less bone tissue than men
The hormone estrogen present in women blocks a substance that kills bone cells. But, after menopause, it leads to loss of bone mass (osteoporosis).
Females are also more at risk for the following:
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Urinary tract issues
- Multiple sclerosis
Equality, with a difference
Men and Women both are at equal risk of having diabetes but it affects differently. Generally, it raises heart disease risk in women more than in men.
When it comes to mental health, women have higher rates of depression, but men have higher suicide rates.
This paradox may have more to do with the way we define and diagnose depression than anything else, says Strauss. “We may find that if we add questions about rage, substance abuse and risk-taking behaviors to our depression questionnaire, we’d identify more males at risk.”
Protecting your health is gender-neutral
Though men and women differ in picking up diseases both deserve equal health care. Moreover, both must follow a healthy lifestyle.
- Eat healthily
- Avoid alcohol
- Don’t Smoke
- Exercise Regularly