The Supreme court of India is due to deliver its verdict in the politically sensitive case of Ayodhya Ram Mandir and Babri Masjid land dispute in Ayodhya on November 9, possibly at 10.30 am.
However, earlier there was no clarity of the date apart from the fact that the verdict would be delivered before Chief Justice of India (CJI) Ranjan Gogoi, retires on November 17. Nevertheless, the decision was taken after Justice Gogoi met top Uttar Pardesh officials reportedly to discuss the security arrangements.
All parties presented their arguments in a 40-day marathon daily hearing on the Babri Masjid-Ayodhya Ram Mandir Case to a Supreme Court Constitutional Bench, headed by Ranjan Gogoi and comprising Justices SA Bobde (CJI elect), Ashok Bhushan, DY Chandrachud and S Abdul Nazeer.
Government has taken adequate measures
As the matter is sensitive, the Indian government has taken adequate measures to maintain law and order. Security has tightened not only in Ayodhya but also across Uttar Pradesh ahead of the top court’s ruling on the matter.
Also, Security has been increased in the Delhi-National Capital Region (NCR) and Mumbai, Maharashtra.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on November 8, shared a series of tweets where he has urged to the people that the priority should be to encourage India’s tradition of maintaining peace and unanimity after the verdict is pronounced.
Long awaiting has finally come to an end now
The supreme court has finally given its verdict. Chief Justice of India, Ranjan Gogoi, today along with 5-judge Constitution bench has agreed that the mosque was built by Meer Baqi after demolishing Ram mandir. The SC further says that there is adequate material in ASI report which concludes that Ram mandir was indeed demolished to build the mosque.
“Babri Masjid not constructed on vacant land. There was a structure underlying the disputed structure.” “The underlying structure was not an Islamic structure,” says the Supreme Court.
They have cleared the way for the construction of Ram Temple at the disputed site at Ayodhya and also directed the Centre to allot a 5-acre plot to the Sunni Waqf Board for building a mosque.
What is long-standing Ayodhya/Ram Mandir dispute all about?
The long-standing Ayodhya/Ram Mandir dispute has been going on for decades now. It is a political, historical and socio-religious debate in India, which focuses on a plot of land in Ayodhya. According to Hindus, in 1528, one of Mughal king’s Babur’s generals, Mir Baqi, had destroyed a pre-existing temple of Rama and built Babri Masjid (Babur’s mosque) at the site.
On December 6, 1992, a vast Hindu political rally occurred in which the Babri Masjid was demolished. However, a case was lodged in the Allahabad High Court, the verdict of which was declared on September 30, 2010.
According to that verdict, Allahabad High Court directed that the 2.77 acres (1.12 ha) of Ayodhya land be divided into three parts, with 1⁄3 going to the Ram Lalla or Infant Rama represented by the Hindu Maha Sabha, 1⁄3 going to the Sunni Waqf Board and the remaining 1⁄3 going to Nirmohi Akhara. Besides, the judgment also confirmed that the disputed land was indeed the birthplace of Hindu deity Rama, It further affirmed that the Babri Masjid was built after the demolition of a Hindu temple.
There are three parties fighting the case in the Supreme Court, namely, Ram Lalla Virajman, Nirmohi Akhara and Sunni Waqf Board. The Nirmohi Akhara has been the shebai i.e. they are the manager of devasthan of Lord Ram historically. Besides, the Sunni Waqf Board is the representative of the Muslim parties. Also, the party, Ram Lalla, came into the case in 1989 through Deoki Nandan Agarwal, a former judge of the Allahabad high court who later joined the VHP.