India despite being a patriarchal society worships goddesses. re Here we have compiled some of the gallantry stories of some brave and intelligent women from all fields.
1. Anandi Gopal Joshi (1865 –1887): Doctor
The first female doctor, Anandi Gopal Joshi obtained her medical degree in the United States.
She was born to a conservative family an also got married in her childhood. In-spite of all obstacles she became a doctor in 1887. Soon after completing her studies in the Unites states she came back to India. During her second year of her studies her health condition deteriorated. Later she was diagnosed with tuberculosis which led to her demise at a tender age of 21 years. Her success has opened an avenue to many young women who aspired to become a doctor instead of devoting their lives to household chores.
2. Indira Gandhi (1917 – 1984) : Prime Minister
The Iron lady of India, Indira Gandhi is the first and only Prime Minister of India from 1966-1977. She is the first female recipient of the Bharat Ratna award. Therefore, she was a disciplined, strong-willed and ruthless leader of our nation. But in 1984 her Sikh bodyguards assassinated her in response to her storming of the Golden Temple.
3. Justice Anna Chandy (1905 – 1996):
She was the first female High court judge in India. Moreover, she founded a magazine named Shrimati, which aimed to promote the cause of women’s rights during the independence era in 1937.
In 1948, after Independence she became a district court judge and served for 11 years. Later, in 1959, she was promoted to the high court in Kerala. She wrote an autobiography, Atmakatha, which narrates about the achievements and also inspired future generations.
4. Kalpana Chawla: Astronaut (1962 – 2003)
Kalpana Chawla was an astronaut. Hence, she was the first woman to travel to space. Kalpana begin her journey in the Space Shuttle Columbia in 1997 since it was a big moment in India’s history.
But unfortunately at the early age of 42, she lost her life in the tragic Columbia disaster in 2003. On that mission, she worked as a mission specialist and primary robotic arm operator.
In this Space Shuttle Columbia disaster she was the first Indian women to lose life.
5. Laxmibai: Rani of Jhansi (1828 – 1858)
Laxmibai, was the queen of the princely state of Jhansi which is currently in Uttar Pradesh. Her name was Manikarnika Tambe and her father was Moropant Tambe who worked as a court Peshwa of Bithoor district.
She was born on 19th November 1828 in the town of Varanasi into a Marathi Karhade Brahmin family.
She was one of the leading warrior of Indian Rebellion of 1857 who restraint British Raj. Moreover, she sacrificed her life in the first war against the British to gain Independence. Since her early ages she was fierce and brave. He was well skilled in horsemanship, archery and self-defence. In 1842 she married Raja Gangadhar Rao, the King of Jhansi. Then she gave birth to a son who died after 4months. Unfortunately, her husband lost his mental stability and Rani Laxmi Bai had to take over and she became the sole monarch for the city of Jhansi.
At that moment the British wanted to seize her kingdom but she was a brave woman who did not agree to surrender. Hence, in 1858 she fought against the British leading the army. Unfortunately she lost her life in the war and thus her sacrifice became a symbol of resistance to the British Raj for Indian nationalists.
6. Savitribai Phule: Women’s Rights Activist (1831 – 1897)
Savitribai Phule had a immense contribution in the female education. She had started the first girl’s school with her husband. At a tender age of 9, she got married. However, she observed the plight of girls of her age and finally opened a women’s school in 1848. She even served as the first teacher of the school. Later she inaugurated a care center named Balhatya Pratibandhak Griha for pregnant rape victims and helped to deliver their children.
Therefore, she brought about many social reforms and transformed the mindsets of many. The University of Pune is renamed after her as Savitribai Phule Pune University.
7. Sarojini Naidu: Freedom Fighter and Poet (1879 – 1949)
Sarojini Naidu was an Indian Independence activist and also a poet also called “The Nightingale of India”. She was born in a Bengali Hindu family in Hyderabad and studied in Chennai. For higher education she move to London and Cambridge. Later she married the Dr. Govindarajulu Naidu and settled down in Hyderabad.
She became a follower of Mahatma Gandhi as she took part in the Indian Nationalist Movement. Therefore she fought for the attainment of Swaraj or independence.
In 1917, she founded the Women’s India Association. She was the first appointed Indian state governor and also the second woman elected as the president of the Indian National Congress.
India gained Independence as a sovereign nation two years prior to her death. Hence, becoming the largest democracy in the world. She is famous for her books and poetry. Her books include The Broken Wing and The Gift of India.
8. Captain Prem Mathur — the first woman pilot in India.
Prem Mathur was born to a middle class family on 17th January, 1910. In 1947 , she became the first woman in India to receive a license to fly a commercial flight. Despite of having a license she was turnd down by eight private airlines.
Finally, she appeared for an interview at Deccan Airways, in Hyderabad where they hired her at an age of 38.As a co-pilot she took her first fight.
During her tenure with Deccan Airways, she flew to Indira Gandhi, Lady Mountbatten. Two years later after receiving the license she won the National Air Race on 19th November 1828.
9. Captain Lakshmi Sahgal — Indian independence revolutionary.
Captain Lakshmi Sahgal was a great revolutionary leader who aided many prisoners of second world war served the office of the Indian National Army and the Minister of Women’s Affairs in the Azad Hind government. She was born in an aristocratic Nair family of Palghat of Kerala.
Her father S.Swaminathan, was a practicing criminal lawyer and mother Mother A.V.Ammakutty, a social worker and independent activist.
Firstly, she received the M.B.B.S degree in medicine in 1938. Then persuaded her Diploma in Gynaecology and Obstetrics and served as a doctor in the Govt. Kasturba Gandhi Hospital in Chennai.
After a brief marriage to pilot P.K.N.Rao which did not succeed. Later, she moved to Singapore to aid the prisoners of the Second World War after the British surrendered to the Japanese. Many of them were seeking to form an Indian Independence Army that would help free India from the British. As she learnt about the Indian Independence Army she willingly participated in it.
Sahgal commonly referred to as “Captain Lakshmi” as she became an officer of the Indian National Army where she led the Rani of Jhansi regiment.
10. Rani Padmavati: Queen of Chittor (13th – 14th Century)
Rani Padmavati is also known as Padmini. She is known for defending Rajput pride by performing self-immolation to when Alauddin Khalji wanted to capture her. Padmavati was the daughter of Gandharv Sen, the king of the Singhal kingdom (Sri Lanka). Then she got married to Ratan Sen, the King of Chittor. Padmavati had a heavenly beauty and she was brave enough.
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